The automation industry or the opportunity to welcome development--Dongguan No.1 document strongly supports the enterprise "machine substitution"
"Dongguan No. 1 Document" subsidizes enterprises to implement "machine substitution" and encourages labor-intensive enterprises to use robots, automation control equipment or assembly line automation to carry out intelligent technological transformation.
On January 2nd, the Dongguan Municipal Government issued the “Several Opinions on Further Supporting the Development of the Real Economy” (hereinafter referred to as “No. 1 Document”). The document covers “50 Articles” to support the real economic measures. It revealed that in 2014, Dongguan's support for the real economy and the reduction of funds will reach 10.18 billion yuan, which is 2.5 times the budget. No. 1 pointed out that manufacturing is an important foundation of Dongguan's economy. Dongguan supports the development of the real economy, and the core is to support the development of the manufacturing industry. The document proposes the ideas and objectives of the development of the real economy, builds a unified and open, competitive and orderly market system, and strengthens the three major supports of finance, commerce and resources.
Liang Guoying, executive deputy mayor of Dongguan, pointed out at the press conference that the environment for the development of the real economy in Dongguan is not optimistic. At present, the international economic situation is complex and changeable, the world economy is deeply adjusted, and the developed countries such as the United States are promoting “re-industrialization” and “return of manufacturing”. The trend of high-end competition in global manufacturing is becoming increasingly evident. In this context, Dongguan's manufacturing industry has encountered great pressures and challenges. Many small and medium-sized enterprises are facing difficulties in financing, employment difficulties, investment difficulties, difficult profits, and difficult transition. In the measures taken by the Dongguan government to support the real economy, there are many innovative measures.
For example, subsidized companies promote "machine substitution." No. 1 mentioned that it is necessary to improve the level of industrial automation and encourage labor-intensive enterprises to use robots, automation control equipment or assembly line automation to carry out intelligent technological transformation. It will provide financial support for the purchase of qualified advanced equipment and technology, and reward industrial enterprises with large R&D investment. Actively implement R&D expenses for enterprises and deduct tax incentives. No. 1 also stated that the unit rate of basic medical insurance will be lowered to reduce the burden on enterprises. This year, Dongguan City actively explored the potential for reducing the burden, continued to implement the policy of lowering the rate of basic medical insurance unit rates, and temporarily suspended the rate of payment for social pension insurance units, reducing the burden of enterprises by 1.4 billion yuan a year. In addition to the preferential measures for the protection of dikes, the implementation of the national and provincial cancellation, exemption and reduction of 31 administrative fees and charges, and the reduction of 880 million yuan for enterprises.
The measures also include exploring the establishment of a high-quality enterprise township capacity expansion and benefit sharing mechanism. Liang Guoying pointed out that at present, there are many high-quality enterprises in Dongguan that are developing rapidly and intend to increase capital and expand production. However, the towns and towns in the town cannot provide enough land to restrict the development of enterprises. To this end, Dongguan City will explore the establishment of township and street coordination and interest balance mechanism, encourage enterprises to expand production capacity in the city town street layout, so that enterprises continue to enjoy the perfect industrial facilities in Dongguan, to help enterprises reduce production and operation costs. . The 10.18 billion yuan includes annual support funds and burden reduction funds at the national, provincial and municipal levels. Among them, the superior support funds of 480 million yuan, of which the national energy-saving emission reduction fiscal policy comprehensive demonstration city support funds at least 400 million yuan; Dongguan city support funds of 9.7 billion yuan, of which 2 billion yuan of technology and Dongguan project special funds, enterprises reduce the burden of 2.28 billion yuan The grassroots burden reduction subsidy is 1.65 billion yuan.
In order to create an upgraded version of “Dongguan Manufacturing”, the government issued 50 measures involving national, provincial and municipal levels of annual support funds and reduced capital of 10.18 billion yuan. This 10.18 billion yuan is a fund that Dongguan is actually supporting the development of the real economy. It is very strong, and it is rare in the whole province and even the whole country! The "50 Articles" support the real economy measures, on the one hand, comprehensively sorting out the existing 42 policy documents, and on the other hand, innovating and proposing 25 policy measures. For these new policies to be implemented, the reporter explained some of the new policies.
The New Deal sponsored enterprises to promote the "machine substitution", the difficulty of recruiting workers, the difficulty of employment, and so on, plagued the development of many manufacturing enterprises. “Funding enterprises to implement “machine substitution”.” It is one of the solutions proposed by the municipal government’s No. 1 document “Several Opinions on Further Supporting the Development of the Real Economy” (hereinafter referred to as “Opinions”). That is to improve the level of industrial automation, and encourage labor-intensive enterprises to use robots, automation control equipment or assembly line automation to carry out intelligent technology transformation. This year, Dongguan will provide enterprises with the assistance of the purchase of qualified advanced equipment and technology, and reward industrial enterprises with large R&D investment. At the scene, some reporters raised doubts and promoted the “machine substitution”, which means that the low-education production line workers will be phased out. The Municipal Science and Technology Bureau responded to the question on the spot, "machine substitution", the focus is to promote equipment automation, especially the numerical control of equipment.
In the demonstration project next year, there will be 5,000 sets of equipment upgrades, and 12 million yuan of funds will be arranged to encourage enterprises to upgrade the CNC equipment. And through the "replacement" of numerical control equipment, from a certain angle, it will in turn solve the problem of difficulty in recruiting and employment of some enterprises.
Lin Jiang, a well-known economics professor, believes that this measure has clearly defined a direction for the development of Dongguan's manufacturing industry. The development of manufacturing industry cannot always rely on the simple work of production line workers, and this is also a sign of the development of advanced manufacturing. It shows that Dongguan manufacturing has taken another step towards advanced manufacturing.